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Temple of Confucius, Mansion of Confucius & Confucian Woods
2004/06/09



     The Temple of Confucius and the Mansion of Confucius are located in Qufu, Shandong Province. Qufu is the hometown of Confucius, the great philosopher, statesman, educator and the father of Confucianism in ancient China. The Duke of Lu rebuilt Confucius' residence into a temple a year after Confucius' death. After the Western Han Dynasty, the temple and surrounding buildings were continuously enlarged and added by order of the successive emperors. A grand building complex with 9 courtyards came into being. The total 466 halls, pavilions, chambers and rooms were separated by 3 major gateways starting from the entrance. It measures over 1km from north to south and occupies an area of 220,000 square meters.

     The Mansion of Confucius, formerly known as the Mansion of Yanshenggong, lies next to the Temple of Confucius. It was the official residence of the successive   YanShenggongs (i.e. Confucius' direct descendants). After several times of enlargement and renovation, now it covers more than 160,000 square meters, with 463 halls, chambers and rooms.
     
     The Confucian Woods, where the tomb of Confucius is located, is 1.5 km north of Qufu. The cemetery is surrounded by walls and is crowded with old cypresses and pines. The total area is about 2,000,000 square meters. The towers and palaces built in the Qing Dynasty and stone guardians and animals carved in the Song Dynasty can be found. Most of Confucius' descendants were also buried here.

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